Mouthwash, also called oral rinse, is a liquid product used to rinse your teeth, gums, and mouth by holding in the mouth passively or swilled around the mouth and may be gargled. It usually contains an antiseptic to kill harmful bacteria that can live between your teeth and on your tongue.

Mouthwash doesn’t replace brushing your teeth or flossing  and is only effective when used correctly. Some use against bad breath while some against tooth decay and sensitivity. Hence it is important to understand different types of mouthwashes and its uses.

Antiseptic mouthwash 

Oral antiseptic are especially useful for people with gum disease. It inhibits microbial activity at the gum line and is often recommended by dentists and hygienists to control infection. Two best are dicussed in detail:

Chlorhexidine Mouthwash

Chlorhexidine gluconate is a germicidal mouthwash that decreases bacteria in your mouth.  Chlorhexidine is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date as it has powerful antibacterial properties. Dentists primarily prescribe it to treat the inflammation, swelling, and bleeding that comes with gingivitis.





Betadine Gargle

Betadine Gargle and Mouthwash contains povidone iodine which kills a wide range of germs including bacteria, viruses, fungi, spores and simple organisms. Betadine Gargle and Mouthwash is used for the treatment of acute infections of the lining of the mouth and throat, for example, inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and mouth ulcers and for cleansing the mouth (oral hygiene) before, during and after dental and mouth surgery.

Fluoride Mouthwash

A fluoride mouthwash works by protecting your tooth from acids produced by the bacterial plaque. The fluoride in a fluoride rinse incorporates into the enamel coating of your teeth, and it can help protect against cavities in people who are susceptible.  Fluoride helps prevent and reverse early stages of tooth decay by strengthening tooth enamel and allowing teeth damaged by acid from plaque to re-mineralize them.


Anti-Sensitivity Mouthwash

People who usually complain of sensitive gums and who don’t may find that their mouths are more sensitive for a short time if they are recovering from a dental procedure. If you have a sensitive mouth, consider anti-sensitivity mouthwash or natural mouthwash. Anti-sensitivity mouthwash usually contains potassium citrate or nitrate which protects the tubules in a tooth’s inner dentin. It may also contain sodium fluoride to strengthen enamel. Natural mouthwashes often contain ingredients such as aloe vera and chamomile for a soothing effect.


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